Temporomandibular disorders (TMD)
What Is The Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ)?
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the hinge joint that connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the temporal bone of the skull, which is immediately in front of the ear on each side of your head. The joints are flexible, allowing the jaw to move smoothly up and down and side to side and enabling you to talk, chew, and yawn. Muscles attached to and surrounding the jaw joint control the position and movement of the jaw.
What Causes TMD?
What Are The Symptoms Of TMD?
People with TMD can experience severe pain and discomfort that can be temporary or last for many years. More women than men experience TMD, and TMD is seen most commonly in people between the ages of 20 and 40.
Common symptoms of TMD include :
How Is TMD Diagnosed?
Because many other conditions can cause similar symptoms to TMD including a toothache, sinus problems, arthritis, or gum disease your dentist will conduct a careful patient history and physical examination to determine the cause of your symptoms.